Residential gutters can get damaged in so many ways that it can often be hard to figure out and fix the problem. Rain and snow buildup can cause severe problems if your gutter is not properly draining. Some repairs are simple and can be fixed quite easily. Others need to be professionally repaired. In some cases, there will be no actual damage to the gutter, just the fascia board that it is attached to. This article explains how to check the status of your gutters, so you can diagnose and fix most problems. It is a good idea to learn how to check your gutter and fascia boards, even if it doesn't look like there is anything wrong with them.
Get Up on a Ladder and Have a Look
Checking and repairing your gutter is something you need to do from atop a ladder. If you already own a ladder, it will be easy to get up there and have look, remove any leaves, and clean out the gutter. However, you should also take a close look at the gutters connection to the fascia board.
Fascia and Gutter Brackets
Even though every brand and model of gutter is going to be a little different, most are mounted using the same basic components. That is, the gutter pieces rest in brackets that are secured to the fascia board with screws. Usually, the gutter pieces just snap into the brackets without any further fasteners. So, the screws that connect the brackets to the fascia board are the most important and vulnerable.
Moisture can cause wood to become swollen and warped. This can be especially problematic is water is penetrating the wood through the screw holes. The screws will become loose and they may not be able to hold the weight of the bracket and the gutter, especially when the gutter becomes filled with water and debris. Obviously, if the entire fascia board seems to look weak and the wood grains are splitting, it might need to be fully replaced. At the very least, you will need to remove the gutter brackets and the gutter so you can then patch and repaint the board.
If you have to repair too many spots on your fascia, it might be better to just replace the entire board completely. Then, you can reinstall your gutter or install a completely new gutter to improve the style and drainage along your roofline.